Tackling Thread Breakage | Why Thread Keeps Breaking on Sewing Machine 2023

Delve into the captivating world of sewing as we uncover the mystery of “Why Thread Keeps Breaking on Sewing Machine?” Nothing is more frustrating than being in the creative flow, only to encounter continuous thread breakage. Fear not, as this comprehensive guide unravels the common culprits behind this pesky issue and equips you with the knowledge to overcome it. From incorrect threading and tension imbalances to using the wrong needle, we address each aspect meticulously. Join us on this enlightening journey as we troubleshoot and troubadour your sewing machine to ensure smooth and uninterrupted stitching.

Salient Points

  • Debris in the bobbin area, improper alignment, lack of maintenance, and incorrect stitch length and speed can cause thread breakage on a sewing machine.
  • Adjusting stitch length is important for different fabrics and projects, with shorter stitch lengths for delicate fabrics and longer stitch lengths for heavier fabrics.
  • Factors to consider when choosing stitch length include proper thread tension, troubleshooting thread breaking, fabric type and thickness, and desired seam strength and appearance.
  • Sewing at a consistent speed, avoiding excessive pressure on the foot pedal, using high-quality thread, and regular maintenance and cleaning of the sewing machine can help prevent thread breakage.

Why Thread Keeps Breaking on Sewing Machine?

The thread on a sewing machine may break due to various reasons such as:

  • Incorrect tension
  • Wrong needle
  • Improper threading
  • Thread snags or tangles
  • Incorrect stitch length and speed
  • Low-quality thread
  • Lack of maintenance
Why Thread Keeps Breaking on Sewing Machine

What to Do if Thread Keeps Breaking on Sewing Machine?

If the thread keeps breaking on your sewing machine, it can be frustrating and disrupt your sewing projects. However, there are several steps you can take to troubleshoot and resolve the issue.

First, start by checking the threading of your sewing machine. Ensure that the thread is properly threaded through the tension discs, take-up lever, and needle. Incorrect threading is a common cause of thread breakage. Re-thread the machine carefully, following the manufacturer’s instructions.

Next, check the tension settings. If the tension is too tight, it can cause the thread to break. Adjust the tension settings to a lower number and test your stitches on a scrap fabric to find the right balance.

Inspect the needle for any signs of damage or dullness. A bent or dull needle can also cause thread breakage. Replace the needle with a new one, making sure it is the correct type and size for your fabric.

Additionally, examine the thread itself. Poor quality or old thread can be prone to breaking. Use high-quality thread that is suitable for your sewing project.

Lastly, clean and lubricate your sewing machine regularly. Dust and lint buildup can affect the machine’s performance and contribute to thread breakage. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper cleaning and maintenance.

By following these steps, you can troubleshoot and resolve the issue of thread breakage on your sewing machine, allowing you to resume your sewing projects with ease and confidence.

Tackling Thread Breakage | Why Thread Keeps Breaking on Sewing Machine

Check the Thread Tension

One possible cause for a broken thread on a sewing machine is incorrect thread tension, which can lead to the thread being too tight or too loose, resulting in breakage. In fact, according to a study by Sew4Home, improper thread tension accounts for approximately 90% of all sewing machine issues related to broken threads.

Thread tension adjustments play a crucial role in preventing thread breaks. When the tension is too tight, the thread is pulled excessively, leading to strain and eventual breakage. On the other hand, if the tension is too loose, the thread may not be held firmly enough during stitching, causing it to slip out of place and snap. Troubleshooting thread breaks involves finding the ideal balance between these extremes.

To address incorrect thread tension, start by checking if your machine has specific settings for different fabrics and stitches. Adjusting these settings accordingly can help achieve optimal tension levels. Additionally, inspecting the upper and lower threading paths for any snags or obstructions can ensure smooth movement of the thread.

Properly understanding how to adjust and troubleshoot thread breaks due to incorrect tension will greatly enhance your sewing experience. However, it’s important to note that correct needle usage also plays a significant role in preventing broken threads while sewing.

Use the Right Needle

To ensure optimal performance and prevent operational disruptions, selecting the appropriate needle is crucial in order to maintain a smooth and uninterrupted sewing process. The right needle can significantly impact the overall quality of stitching and prevent thread breakage on a sewing machine.

When troubleshooting issues related to thread breakage, it is important to consider the type of fabric being sewn and choose a needle that is compatible with its weight and texture. Using a needle that is too small or too large for the fabric can result in excessive friction, leading to thread breakage.

Additionally, needles may differ in terms of their point shape and size. For example, a sharp needle is suitable for woven fabrics, while a ballpoint or rounded tip needle works best with knits. Choosing the correct needle point ensures that the fabric fibers are not damaged during stitching, reducing the likelihood of thread breakage.

Incorporating these troubleshooting techniques when encountering issues with thread breakage will help achieve better results when using a sewing machine. Once the appropriate needle has been selected, it is essential to proceed with threading the machine correctly…

Thread the Machine Correctly

Properly threading the sewing machine is essential for ensuring smooth and uninterrupted stitching, as it helps prevent the occurrence of thread breakage. To achieve optimal results, there are a few key steps to follow:

  • Thread Tension: Adjusting the tension settings on the machine can greatly impact thread breakage. If the tension is too tight, it may cause excessive pressure on the thread, leading to breakage. Conversely, if the tension is too loose, the thread may not be securely held in place and could also result in breakage. Finding the right balance is crucial for successful sewing.
  • Needle Size: Another factor that affects thread breakage is using an incorrect needle size. The needle should be chosen based on the type of fabric being sewn. A smaller needle may not accommodate thicker fabrics properly and cause unnecessary strain on the thread, resulting in breaks.
  • Proper Threading Technique: Following a proper threading technique ensures that each component of the sewing machine is threaded correctly. This includes correctly passing through all necessary loops and guides as indicated by your specific machine’s instructions.

By following these guidelines for proper threading technique, adjusting thread tension appropriately, and selecting an appropriate needle size according to fabric type, you can minimize instances of thread breakage during sewing projects.

Next, let’s explore how checking for any potential snags or tangles can further enhance your sewing experience without causing interruptions.

Check for Thread Snags or Tangles

Inspecting the thread path for obstructions is an essential step in troubleshooting thread snags or tangles on a sewing machine. This involves carefully examining the entire path that the thread follows, from the spool to the needle, to identify any potential obstacles or blockages.

Removing any tangled threads is another crucial action to take when encountering issues with broken threads. By gently untangling and removing any knots or snags in the thread, it helps ensure smooth and uninterrupted stitching.

Additionally, checking the bobbin area for debris is important as accumulated lint or stray fibers can disrupt the thread flow and cause problems during sewing. Clearing out any debris in this area helps maintain optimal performance of the sewing machine.

Inspecting the thread path for obstructions

One possible cause for thread breakage on a sewing machine could be the presence of any obstacles along the thread path, obstructing its smooth movement. When inspecting the thread path for obstructions, it is important to consider the following:

  1. Thread tension adjustment: Improperly adjusted thread tension can lead to excessive stress on the thread, causing it to break. It is essential to ensure that the tension is correctly set according to the fabric being sewn.
  2. Troubleshooting thread breakage: Carefully examine all components of the sewing machine’s threading system, including the bobbin case, needle plate, and guides. Look for any signs of damage or debris that may be hindering proper thread flow.
  3. Clearing away tangled threads: Removing any tangled or looped threads from around the machine’s mechanisms can prevent them from interfering with smooth operation and potentially causing thread breakage.

By addressing these potential issues in inspecting the thread path for obstructions, one can effectively troubleshoot and resolve problems associated with thread breakage on a sewing machine without risking further damage or frustration.

Removing any tangled thread

Inspecting the thread path for obstructions is an essential step in troubleshooting common issues that lead to thread breakage on a sewing machine. However, even after ensuring there are no obstacles along the thread’s path, tangled threads can still cause problems.

Therefore, it is crucial to remove any tangled thread from the machine to prevent further complications. Tangled threads can create tension and put strain on the sewing machine, leading to frequent breaks. By carefully unraveling and removing these tangles, one can alleviate the stress on the machine and reduce the chances of thread breakage.

After addressing this issue, it is important to move on to checking the bobbin area for debris as it may also contribute to sewing machine malfunctions without compromising its performance.

Checking the bobbin area for debris

Examining the bobbin area for any debris or foreign objects is an essential step in troubleshooting common issues that may arise during the operation of a sewing machine. It ensures smooth functioning and prevents thread breakage. Here are four reasons why checking the bobbin area for debris is crucial:

  1. Bobbin thread tension: Debris in the bobbin area can disrupt the tension of the bobbin thread, leading to uneven stitches or thread breakage.
  2. Thread jamming: Foreign objects like lint, bits of fabric, or even broken needles can get trapped in the bobbin area, causing thread jamming and ultimately breaking.
  3. Proper alignment: Debris can interfere with the proper alignment of various components in the bobbin area, affecting stitch quality and potentially damaging the machine.
  4. Preventive maintenance: Regularly inspecting and cleaning the bobbin area not only troubleshoots current issues but also helps prevent future problems by keeping everything clean and well-maintained.

After examining and clearing any debris from the bobbin area, it is important to move on to adjusting stitch length and speed to ensure optimal sewing performance without interruption.

Adjust the Stitch Length and Speed

When it comes to adjusting the stitch length on a sewing machine, it is important to choose the appropriate setting for the type of fabric and project you are working on. A shorter stitch length may be suitable for delicate fabrics or intricate designs, while a longer stitch length may be more appropriate for heavier fabrics or decorative stitches.

Sewing at a consistent speed is also crucial to ensure even stitches and prevent any jerking or pulling on the fabric. Additionally, avoiding excessive pressure on the foot pedal can help maintain control over the sewing machine and prevent any sudden changes in speed or tension that could lead to thread breakage or tangles.

Choosing the appropriate stitch length

To achieve optimal thread integrity, selecting the appropriate stitch length on the sewing machine is crucial. When choosing the stitch length, it is important to consider factors such as fabric type and thickness, desired seam strength, and overall appearance.

Here are three key considerations for choosing the right stitch length:

  1. Proper Thread Tension: Adjusting the stitch length can help maintain proper thread tension, preventing issues such as loose or tight stitches that can lead to thread breakage.
  2. Troubleshooting Thread Breaking: By experimenting with different stitch lengths, you can troubleshoot thread breaking problems. Sometimes a shorter stitch length may be needed to prevent excessive strain on the thread.
  3. Achieving Desired Look and Strength: The appropriate stitch length will vary depending on your project’s requirements. Smaller stitches create a more secure seam, ideal for delicate fabrics or areas that require extra durability.

Considering these factors when selecting the stitch length will ensure better thread integrity and reduce instances of thread breakage.

Moving on to sewing at a consistent speed allows for smoother stitching results without abrupt transitions in sewing pace.

Sewing at a consistent speed

Maintaining a consistent speed while operating the sewing machine is imperative for achieving smooth and even stitches. The importance of maintaining a consistent sewing speed cannot be overstated as it directly affects the quality of the final product.

When sewing at a consistent speed, the machine can properly regulate the tension and feed of the fabric, resulting in even stitching. To achieve this, it is important to practice controlling the foot pedal pressure and finding a rhythm that allows for steady movement.

Additionally, keeping a steady hand on the fabric and guiding it uniformly through the machine helps maintain an even pace. By adopting these techniques, sewers can ensure that their stitches are consistently neat and professional-looking.

Transitioning into the subsequent section about avoiding excessive pressure on the foot pedal, one must be careful not to exert too much force while maintaining a steady speed.

Avoiding excessive pressure on the foot pedal

One must be cautious to avoid applying excessive force on the foot pedal in order to maintain a steady pace and prevent any potential damage. When sewing, it is important to keep in mind that excessive pressure on the foot pedal can cause the thread to break.

This occurs because too much pressure can lead to an uneven distribution of tension throughout the stitching process, resulting in weakened thread that is more prone to breaking. To troubleshoot thread breakage caused by excessive pedal pressure, one should ensure that they are using proper posture and positioning their feet comfortably on the pedal.

Additionally, it may be helpful to practice controlling the amount of force applied by gradually increasing or decreasing pressure until a balanced rhythm is achieved. By avoiding unnecessary pedal pressure, one can significantly reduce the chances of experiencing thread breakage while sewing.

If interested you can read about why does Elna sewing machine keeps skipping stitches here. Moreover, you can also read about why do baby lock and bernina sewing machines keep jamming.

Moving forward into discussing ‘use high-quality thread’, it is essential to consider the impact of thread quality on sewing machine performance.

Use High-Quality Thread

Using a high-quality thread can help prevent the thread from breaking on the sewing machine. When it comes to preventing thread breakage, the quality of the thread plays a crucial role. Here are three reasons why using high-quality thread is important:

  1. Strength and Durability: High-quality threads are made from strong fibers that can withstand tension and stress during sewing. These threads have a higher tensile strength, meaning they are less likely to snap or break while being used in the machine.
  2. Smoothness: High-quality threads have a smooth texture that reduces friction as they pass through the sewing machine’s needle and other components. This minimizes wear and tear on both the needle and thread, reducing the chances of breakage.
  3. Consistency: Threads of superior quality are manufactured with precision and uniformity in mind. The thickness, color, and overall construction of these threads remain consistent throughout their length. This consistency ensures that the thread flows smoothly through the sewing machine without any irregularities or knots that could lead to breakage.

By using high-quality thread, you can significantly decrease instances of thread breakage on your sewing machine, allowing for uninterrupted stitching sessions.

To further maintain optimum performance, it is essential to regularly maintain and clean your sewing machine by following specific guidelines recommended by manufacturers.

Maintain and Clean Your Sewing Machine

Regular maintenance and cleaning of your sewing machine is crucial to ensure its optimal performance and longevity. Neglecting this important aspect can result in thread breakage and other common sewing machine issues. To help you maintain and clean your sewing machine effectively, here are some cleaning tips and troubleshooting techniques.

Cleaning Tips:

  1. Remove lint: Regularly remove lint from the bobbin area, feed dogs, and tension discs using a small brush or vacuum attachment.
  2. Oil properly: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to oil your machine regularly, as proper lubrication reduces friction and prevents thread breakage.
  3. Clean the needle plate: Use a soft cloth or cotton swab to clean the needle plate and remove any accumulated debris or residue.

Troubleshooting Common Sewing Machine Issues:

  1. Check needle quality: Poor-quality needles can cause thread breakage, so always use high-quality needles appropriate for your fabric type.
  2. Adjust tension settings: Incorrect tension can lead to thread breakage; refer to your machine’s manual for guidance on adjusting tension correctly.
  3. Replace worn-out parts: If you notice any damaged or worn-out parts like bobbins or presser feet, replace them promptly to avoid further issues.

By following these cleaning tips and troubleshooting techniques, you can minimize thread breakage on your sewing machine while ensuring its smooth operation over time. Proper maintenance will not only save you time but also prolong the life of your machine, providing a reliable tool for all your future sewing projects.


In conclusion of “why thread keeps breaking on sewing machine”, understanding the reasons behind thread breakage is pivotal in conquering the challenges of sewing. By addressing issues such as incorrect threading, improper tension adjustments, and needle choices, you can bid farewell to the recurring problem of broken threads.

Remember, meticulous attention to detail and regular maintenance of your sewing machine are essential for seamless stitching. As you continue your creative endeavors, let this guide serve as your ultimate resource, empowering you to conquer any thread breakage obstacle with confidence and finesse. Get ready to embark on a stitching journey free from frustration, where your creativity knows no bounds.


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Frequently Asked Questions

How do I check the thread tension on my sewing machine?

To troubleshoot thread tension issues on a sewing machine, start by checking the bobbin and top thread for tangles or knots. Adjust the tension dial according to your machine’s manual. Different machines may require different adjustments for optimal results.

What type of needle should I use for different types of fabric?

Choosing the right needle for different types of fabric is essential to ensure smooth sewing. Troubleshooting common thread tension issues can help resolve problems such as thread breaking. Understanding these techniques will enhance your sewing experience and improve the quality of your projects.

Can you provide detailed instructions on how to thread a sewing machine correctly?

To thread a sewing machine correctly and prevent thread breaks, follow these troubleshooting tips: use the correct needle for the fabric type, ensure proper tension settings, check for lint or debris in the machine, and thread it accurately according to the machine’s manual.

How can I check for thread snags or tangles while sewing?

Thread snags or tangles can be checked by examining the tension of the thread while sewing. Troubleshooting a sewing machine involves adjusting the thread tension and ensuring that it flows smoothly to prevent these issues.

Is it necessary to adjust the stitch length and speed while sewing?

When sewing, it is important to adjust the stitch length and speed in order to maintain proper thread tension and prevent common sewing machine problems. This troubleshooting technique ensures smooth and accurate stitching.

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